NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5 Solution- Kingdoms, Kings and An Early Republic
Q.1 State whether true or false:
- Rajas who led the ashvamedha horse pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice.
- The charioteer sprinkled sacred water on the king
- Archaeologists have found palaces in the settlements of the janapadas
- Pots to store grain were made out of Painted Grey Ware
- Many cities in mahajanapadas were fortified
The Rajas who let the Ashvameda horse pass across their territory demonstrated that they recognised the Raja conducting the sacrifice as the supreme ruler. Following that, these Rajas were invited to the sacrifice.
The raja’s charioteer was his battlefield companion and saw many of his acts and accomplishments. Thus, the charioteer is sung poetry and told stories celebrating the Raja’s exploits, while priests carried out the ceremonies, which included the sprinkling of holy water on the ruler.
Archaeologists found that humans lived in shelters and tended livestock and other animals in the janapadas’ various villages.
The most popular containers produced of this material are plates and bowls.
Q.2 Fill in the chart given below with the terms: hunter-gatherers, farmers, traders, craftspersons, herders.
Farmers – Gave the state one-sixth of their crop.
Craftspersons – Craftspeople contributed to the labour force.
Herder – The contributions of the herders came in the form of animal products.
Traders – through purchasing and selling things, traders boosted commercial activity.
Hunter-gatherers- As a kind of tribute, hunter-gatherers would bring forest products such as elephants, furs, and other commodities.
Q.3 Who were the groups who could not participate in the assemblies of the ganas?
The following groups were unable to attend the ganas’ assemblies:
2. Dasas, the slaves
3. Kammakaras, the landless labourers
Q.4 Why did the rajas of mahajanapadas build forts?
Answer: Mahajanapadas’ rajas erected forts to protect their capital city against assaults by other rajas. It’s also possible that they intended to demonstrate their wealth and authority by building massive barriers. The more practical argument might be that fortified cities were easier to administer.
Q.5 In what ways are present-day elections different from the ways in which rulers were chosen in janapadas?
Answer: Men became ‘rajas’ in janapadas by undertaking the Ashvamedha sacrifice. The rajas who let the Ashvamedha horse to pass through their territory were acknowledging the raja who wished to execute the sacrifice as the supreme ruler.
In today’s world, leaders are chosen via a democratic process. Every person who is at least 18 years old has the right to vote. Candidates who get more votes are elected to become public leaders.
Q.6 Were there any janapadas in your state? If yes, name them. If not, name the janapadas that would have been closest to your state, and mention whether they were to the east, west, north or south.
Answer: The answer is dependent on the location and area where you reside. To prepare your response, get support from your subject instructor as well as the map on page 57 of the textbook.
Q.7 Find out whether any of the groups mentioned in answer 2 pay taxes today
Answer: Traders are the only group stated in response 2 that pays taxes today.
Q.8 Find out whether the groups mentioned in answer 3 have voting rights.
Answer: Voting rights are no longer determined by gender or career. Women, ‘kammakaras,’ and ‘dasas,’ all have the right to vote in today’s elections.