What Books and Burials Tell Us
NCERT History Questions and Answers for Class 6th
1. Match the columns:
Check below the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History Chapter 4 – What Books and Burials Tell Us:
Match the columns
|Used in battles
|Used in battles
Megalith Complete the sentences:
Slaves were used for…………….
Megaliths are found in……………
Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to………………..
Port-holes were used for……………
People at Inamgaon ate…………….
South India, north-east and Kashmir
indicate the exact place of burial
burying the other member of the same family at the same place
wheat, barley, rice, pulses, millets, peas, sesame, etc.
2. In what ways are the books we read today different from the Rigveda?
Ans: The books we read today are written and printed. The Rigveda was recited and heard rather than read. For many years from generation to generation, the process continued. It was written down several centuries after it was first composed and printed less than 200 years ago.
3. What kind of evidence from burials do archaeologists use to find out whether there were social differences amongst those who were buried?
Ans: Sometimes, archaeologists find a circle of stone boulders or a single large stone standing on the ground. These are the only indications that there are burials beneath.
All these burials have some common features. Generally, the dead were buried with distinctive pots, which are called Black and Red Ware. Also found are tools and weapons of iron and sometimes, the skeleton of horses, horse equipment and ornaments of stone and gold.
Several kinds of evidence from burials do archaeologists use to find out that there were social differences amongst those who were buried underneath the megaliths. They think that objects found with a skeleton probably belonged to the dead person. Sometimes more objects were found in one grave than in another. For instance, in Brahmagiri, one skeleton was buried with 33 gold beads, 2 stone beads, 4 copper bangles and one conch shell. Other skeletons had only a few pots. Perhaps there were differences in status amongst the people who were buried. Perhaps some were rich, others poor, some chiefs, others followers.
4. In what ways do you think that the life of a ‘raja’ was different from that of a ‘dasa’ or ‘dasi’?
Ans: In society, ‘raja’ was one of the highest civil positions. ‘Rajas’ were the kings of the community, whereas the ‘dasas’/’dasis’ was the lowest position in society. The ‘dasas’/’dasis’ were slaves who were used for work. They were treated as the property of their owners. They were captured in war.
5. Find out whether your school library has a collection of books on religion, and list the names of five books from this collection.
Ans: Do yourself with the help of your subject-teacher and school librarian. A sample set of five such books:
- The Mahabharata
- The Ramayana
- The Bible
- The Bhagwad Gita
- The Quran
- Write down a short poem or song that you have memorised. Did you hear or read the poem or song? How did you learn it by heart?
Ans: Do it by yourself.
8. In Rigveda, people were described in terms of the work they did and the languages they spoke. In the table below, JiR in the names of six people you know, choosing three men and three women. For each of them, mention the work they do and the language they speak. Would you like to add anything else to the description?
Ans. Do it by yourself.
- MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS
Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below:
(i) The Ghoda is a tributary of the …………….
What Books and Burials tell us
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